HOW BIOMASS ENERGY WORKSBiomass is any organic matter like trees, plants, or animal waste that can be used as an energy source. Energy comes from the sun through a process called photosynthesis, and is released when biomass is burned or decomposes.
Leftover wood and crop waste from factories and farms can be burned to produce electricity.
Wood scraps, sawdust and crop waste are collected from farms or manufacturing plants
The waste is burned to heat water and create steam
Steam is sent to a turbine, which spins to power a generator
Generator creates electricity and sends to transmission lines
Waste produced by cows or other farm animals creates a gas called methane, which can be captured to produce electricity.
Animal waste is collected in a large tank or pond with bacteria
As bacteria decomposes the waste, methane is released
Methane is then burned to heat water and generate steam
Steam turns a generator turbine to create electricity, which is sent to transmission lines
FUN BIOMASS FACTS